The Place of Honour Code in Middle-class Women’s Leisure in High-security Estates in Turkey


  • Gökben Demirbaş Dr.



gender, class, high-security estates, Turkey, honour-code, civility-code


This paper investigates the role of gender in women’s everyday leisure practices in a high-security estate in Bursa Turkey. Defined as a new type of sub-urbanisation, such residential areas have emerged in Turkey towards the end of 1990s and, to date, social class has been the central area of inquiry in relation to high-security estates in Turkey. Drawing on the findings from a qualitative research, the current paper argues that gender plays a central role in middle-class women’s access to and use of neighbourhood leisure spaces. Even though the community values and the middle-class rhetoric of gender equality advocate the equal use of public leisure spaces, family-level male control shaped by honour code is still dominant in preventing women from practising the leisure activities they choose.


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How to Cite

Demirbaş, G. (2020). The Place of Honour Code in Middle-class Women’s Leisure in High-security Estates in Turkey. Kadın/Woman 2000, Journal for Women’s Studies, 22(1), 25–40.