Peace Theories in a Gender Perspective: Feminist Theories and Practices
After the Cold War, the changing global policy is challenged with various security gaps and the new war and peace conditions. It is possible to examine these new facts with a gender-based approach. The critical contribution of feminist theories to global politics literature has also partaken in the conceptual analysis of peace theories. In the meantime, the state-centric analysis has led to the change of dominant epistemological patterns, such as rational choice. This study will examine the conditions, examples and theoretical debates of feminist peace in the light of those current debates. In particular, the S/RES/1325 (2000) will be discussed with reference to its contribution to the feminist theories in the peace studies by evaluating its limitations and critics.
Barrow A. (2010). UN Security Council Resolutions 1325 and 1820: Constructing Gender in Armed Conflict and International Humanitarian Law. International Review of the Red Cross, 92(877): 221–234.
Bilgin-Aytaç G. (2017). Human Security Concepts for NGO’s in Post Intervention Societies: A Case Study in Iraq. The Journal of International Social Research, 10(50): 167–173.
Bilgin-Aytaç G. (2018). Feminist Yaklaşım Çerçevesi̇nde İnsan Güvenli̇ği̇ Si̇vi̇l Toplum Gözüyle Irak Örneği̇. Marmara Universitesi Kadın ve Toplumsal Cinsiyet Araştırmaları Dergisi, 2(1): 9–23.
Blanchard E.M. (2003). Gender, International Relations, and the Development of Feminist Security Theory. Signs, 28(4): 1289–1312.
Booth K. (1991). Security and Emancipation. Review of International Studies, 17(4): 313–326.
Buzan B. (2007). People, State and Fear. ECPR.
Cohn C. (2004). Feminist Peacemaking. The Women’s Review of Books, 12(5): 8–9.
Cohn C. (2003). A Conversation with Cynthia Enloe: Feminists Look at Masculinity and the Men Who Wage War. Signs, 28(4): 1187–1207.
Carpenter R.C. (2006). Recognizing Gender-Based Violence against Civilian Men and Boys in Conflict Situations. Security Dialogue, 37(1): 83–103.
Çelik A.B. (Mart, 2016). BMGK 1325’ten 15 Yıl Sonra: Kadınlar, Barış ve Güvenlik (Cilt V, Sayı 3). Türkiye Politika ve Araştırma Merkezi. Londra: Research Turkey: 6-17
Cockburn C. (2009). Buradan Baktığımızda Kadınların Militarizme Karşı Mücadelesi (Çev: Özlen F.). İstanbul: Metis.
Cockburn C. (2012). Anti-Militarism Political and Gender Dynamics of Peace Movements. Palgrave Macmilan.
Cockburn C. (2013). Against the Odds: Sustaining Feminist Momentum in Post-War Bosnia-Herzegovina. Women’s Studies International Forum, 37: 26–35.
Cohn C. (1987). Sex and Death in the Rational World of Defense Intellectuals. Within and Without: Women, Gender, and Theory. Signs,12(4): 687-718.
Cohn C. (2008) Mainstreaming Gender in UN Security Policy: A Path to PoliticalTransformation? In, Rai S.M. & Waylen G. (Eds.) Global Governance. Palgrave Macmillan: London:185-206.
Cohn C. (2013). Women and Wars: Toward a Conceptual Framework. In, Cohn C. (Ed.), Women and Wars. Cambridge: Polity Press:1-35.
Cohn C., Kinsella H. & Gibbings S. (2004). Women, Peace and Security Resolution 1325. International Feminist Journal of Politics, 6(1): 130–140.
Confortini C.C. (2006). Galtung, Violence, and Gender: The Case for a Peace Studies/Feminism Alliance. Peace and Change, 31(3): 333–367.
CEU (Council of European Union) (2008). Mainstreaming Human Rights and Gender into European Security and Defence Policy. Belgium: Communities.
Daşlı G., Alıcı N., & Figueras J.P. (2018). Barış Ve Toplumsal Cinsiyet: Kolombiya Barış Süreci. Ankara: Demokrasi Barış ve Alternatif Politikalar Araştırma Merkezi.
de Beauvoir S. (1949). The Second Sex. Vintage ebooks.
DeLargy P. (2013). Sexual Violence and Women’s Health in War. In, Cohn C. & (Ed.), Women and Wars. Cambridge Polity Press: 54–79.
Duncanson C. (2016). Gender and Peacebuilding. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
Elshtain J.B. (1998). Women and War: Ten Years On. Review of International Studies, 24(4): 447–460.
Elshtain J.B. (1990). The Problem with Peace. In, Elshtain J.B. & Tobias S. (Eds.), Women Militarism and War: Essays in History, Politics and Social Theory. Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publisher: 255-266.
Elshtain J.B. (2015). Feminist Sorgulama ve Uluslararası İlişkiler (Çev: Dilber M.). İçinde, Dols M.W. & Ikenberry G.J. (Eds.), Uluslararası İlişkiler Teorisinde Yeni Düşünce. Istanbul: Beta Yayınları: 77-90.
Enloe C. (1993). Sexual Politics at the End of Cold War: The Morning After. University of California Press.
Enloe C. (2003). Muzlar, Plajlar ve Askeri Üstler Feminist Bakış açısından Uluslararası Siyaset (Çev: Kurt B. & Aydın E.). İstanbul: Çitlembik.
Enloe C. (2006). Manevralar Kadın Yaşamının Militarize Edilmesine Yönelik Uluslararası Politikalar. İstanbul: İletişim.
Enloe C. (2013). Foreword: Gender Analysis Isn’t Easy. İçinde, Cohn C. (Ed.), Women and Wars. Cambridge: Polity Press: xv–xvi.
Galtung J. (1969). Violence, Peace, and Peace Research. Journal of Peace Research, 6(3): 167–191.
Galtung J. (1985). Ten Challenges and Some Responses. Journal of Peace Research, 22(2): 141–158.
Galtung J. (1990). Cultural Violence. Journal of Peace Research, 27(3): 291–305.
Hagen J.J. (2016). Queering Women, Peace and Security. International Affairs, 92(2): 313–332.
Hansen L. (2000). Gender, Nation, Rape: Bosnia and the Construction of Security. International Feminist Journal of Politics, 3(1): 55–75.
IWN. (2014). Iraqi Women Network Call for UN: Situation of Women in Iraq. Human Rights Council Twenty Second Special Session.
Jones R.W. & Wyn Jones R.G. (1995). Message in a bottle? Theory and Praxis in Critical Security Studies. Contemporary Security Policy, 16(3): 299–319.
Kay S. (2004). Globalization, Power, and Security. Security Dialogue, 35(1): 9–25.
McKay S. (2004). Women, Human Security, and Peace-Building: A Feminist Analysis. IPSHU English Research Report Series No.19.
Millett K. (2000). Sexual Politics. University of Illinois Press.
Outreach Programme on the Rwanda Genocide. (2012). UN-The Justice and Reconciliation Process in Rwanda. URL: http://www.un.org/en/preventgenocide/rwanda/pdf/BackgrounderJustice2014.pdf.
Ovalı Ş. (2006). Utopya ile Pratik Arasında: Uluslararası İlişkilerde İnsan Güvenliği Kavramsallaştırması. International Relations, 3(10): 3-52.
Patten P. (2017). Unlocking the Potential of CEDAW as an Important Accountability Tool for the Women, Peace and Security Agenda. İçinde, Aoláin F., Cahn N., Haynes D.F.& Valji N. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Conflict. Oxford University Press: 171.
Romya Bilgin K. (2018). Johan Galtung. İçinde, Büyükakıncı E. (Ed.), Barış Çalışmaları. Ankara: Adres Yayınları: 175-233.
Shepherd L.J. (2009). Gender,Violence and Global Politics: Contemporary Debates in Feminist Security Studies. Political Studies Review, 7: 208–219.
Sjoberg L. & Gentry C.E. (2007). Mothers, Monsters, Whores: Women’s Violence in Global Politics. London:Zed Books.
Sylvester C. (2004). Feminist International Relations: An Unfinished Journey. Cambridge Press.
Sylvester C. (2010). Tensions in Feminist Security Studies. Security Dialogue, 41(6): 607–614.
Tanrıverdi G. (2018). Oxfam Skandalı ve Seks Karşılığı Bir Kilo Yemek. Dünya. URL: https://www.gazeteduvar.com.tr/forum/2018/02/23/oxfam-skandalive-seks-karsiligi-bir-kilo-yemek/.
Thomas C. (2000). Global Governance, Development and Human Security. London: Pluto.
Tickner J.A. (1988). Hans Morgenthau’s Principles of Political Realism: A Feminist Reformulation. Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 17(429): 429–440.
Tickner J.A. (2002). Feminist Perspectives on 9/11. International Studies Perspectives, 3(4): 333–350.
Tickner J.A. (2011). Gendering World Politics: Issues and Approaches in the Post Cold War Era. New York: Colombia University Press.
Tickner J.A. (2014). A Feminist Voyage through International Relations. Oxford University Pres.
True J. (2003). Mainstreaming Gender in Global Public Policy. International Feminist Journal of Politics, 5(3) 368–396.
True J. (2009). Feminism. İçinde, Burchill S., Linklater A. & Devetak R. (Eds.), Theories of International Relations (4th ed.). London: Palgrave.
UN (2000). S.C.S/Res/1325 (2000). URL: https://doi.org/S/2010/579.
UN Women (2012). Peace and Security. URL: www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fnih-spni/.
United Nations Development Programme. (1994). Human Development Report 1994 - Ch2 - New dimensions of human security. United Nations Development Programme. URL: https://doi.org/http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/reports/255/hdr_1994_en_complete_nostats.pdf.
United Nations Security Council (UNSC). (2008). S/Res/1820, 51670(August), 263847.
Whitworth S. (1997). Feminism and International Relations towards a Political Economy of Gender in Interstate and Non-Governmental Institutions. London: Palgrave MacMillan.
Whitworth S. (2005). Militarized Masculinities and the Politics of Peacekeeping: the Canadian Case. İçinde, Booth K. (Ed.), Critical Security Studies in World Politics. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers: 89-106.
Whitworth S. (2006). Theory and Exclusion: Gender, Masculinity, and International Political Economy. İçinde, Stubbs R. & Underhil G. (Eds.), Political Economy and the Changing Global Order (3rd Ed.). Don Mills: Oxford University Press: 88–99.
Whitworth S. (2007). Men, Militarism and UN Peacekeeping: A Gendered Analysis. (Critical Security Studies). Lynne Rienner.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, with the work [6 months] after publication simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access)