The Characteristics of Domestic Violence against Women on Gendered Spaces in Turkey
Keywords:Domestic violence against women, feminist geography, private space, public space
Violence against women has been continue to be one of the important social problems of Turkey. Even the number of studies has increase in recent years on this issue, the relationship between violence against women and gendered spaces, as well as empirical studies focus on feminist geography are still limited. We, in this study, aimed to reveal how the relations between different types of violence that ever-married women exposed to during their lifetime, women’s strategies coping with violence and gendered space. This study is based on quantitative methods which provides some advantages to compare similar and different social groups suggested by the feminist geography literature. We used the micro data sets of the research on Domestic Violence Against Women Survey in Turkey, which was conducted with 12,795 women aged 15-59 in 2008. We constructed gendered space variable using the information about work outside of housework. Women who work whether earn money or not and women who do not work because of different reasons are labelled as ‘more interaction with public spaces’ and ‘restricted to private space’ respectively. By doing this, we tried to analyze, using the chi-square test, whether there is a difference or not between gendered space and women’s socio-demographic characteristics, physical and sexual violence, controlling behaviors by partners. The results of this study indicate that prevalence of violence clearly differs by gendered space. While, current physical violence is more common for women who are more interaction with private space, sexual violence is more exposed by women who are more interaction with public space. Controlling behaviors by partner’s changes by interaction with private and public spaces. While, women, who are more interaction with public spaces, are more prevalent to apply to institutions which helps to struggle with violence against women, this relation shows key factor for strengthening women.
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