Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 45 No. 21 (2020)
Volume 21, Spring 2020, Issue 45
Who Cares About the Cyprus Problem? A Socio-Demographic Analysis for Northern Cyprus
Selim Jürgen Ergun & Maria Fernanda Rivas
The History of Cypriot Photography 1839 – 1939 The Story of a Century
The Place of Lefkara Lace in Interior Architecture
Brief Notes on the Byzantine Insular Urbanism in the Eastern Mediterranean Between Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (Ca. 650 – Ca. 800 CE)
The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Hydrographic Structure, Water Problem and Solution Suggestions
Marie-Louise Winbladh. Arkeoloji ve Genetiğin Bilimsel Verilerinde Kıbrıslıların Kökeni (Çev. Defne Güler & Hülya Osmanağaoğlu. Lefkoşa: Galeri Kültür Yayınları, 2019. 96 sayfa. ISBN: 9789963660735)
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 20 No. 44 (2019)
Volume 20, Fall 2019, Issue 44
- Reuse of Heritage Buildings: The Case of St. Peter & Paul Cathedral, Famagusta- North Cyprus
- The Discursive Construction of War and Peace in the Books of Three Turkish Commanders on the “1974 Cyprus Peace Operation”
D. Beybin Kejanlıoğlu & Nico Carpentier
- Famagusta Movement Pattern and Land Use
- Distribution of Gender According to the Age Groups in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Ahmet Süha Kocakuşak
- A Special Species in Tuber Plants: Golevez / Colocas (Colocasia esculenta)
Güven Şahin & Süheyla Üçışık Erbilen
- Firari Bedenler
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 19 No. 43 (2017)
Readers of the 43rd issue of the Journal of Cyprus Studies (JCS) find a rich collection of five scholarly articles and one book review contributing knowledge and cultural awareness of Cyprus to the world. This issues’ articles broadly address the prevailing circumstances of Cyprus in regards to economics, natural resources, migration, disenfranchisement, privatization, and urban landmarks. These days, while discussions of a political resolution for the island continue, the power struggle between Turks and Greeks has hot topics, especially one directed at natural resource management and its associated political and economic dimensions. In this issue of JCS, Bahadır Kaynak points to the importance of these new circumstances as a strong incentive for Turks, Greeks, and Cypriots to cooperate and realize full potential in the energy game. Similarly, in Hasan Deveci’s article, the author indicates export of energy from the region to Europe via Turkey is economically the most viable option and relates his findings to the two feasible political alternatives for the island. Tangentially, a third article questions the current socio-economic circumstances of North Cyprus by highlighting the dramatic termination of Cyprus Turkish Airlines, which was a national airline and one of the few legendary institutions of Turkish Cypriots. In this article, Fatma Güven Lisaniler, Fehiman Eminer, and Hasan Rüstemoğlu focus on the effects of privatization of companies on employment and monetary welfare loss on their workers. Also, in JCS 43, two articles direct attention to the challenging topic of the tangible and intangible cultural heritage of Cyprus. The article written by Devrim Yücel Besim and Ayer Kaşif deals with physical artifacts produced, maintained, and intergenerationally transferred within the Turkish Cypriot community. In their article, they select and present fourteen monuments as distinctive urban components of the built environment of North Nicosia. These monuments, from during and after the 1960s, are documented and reported as forms of public art. In the other article covering cultural heritage, Hanife Aliefendioğlu and Béla Vizvári write about the life of İsmail Cemal, a Turkish Cypriot who immigrated to Australia and then returned to Cyprus. Within his life story, the recent socio-political history of the island is crisscrossed and conveyed. The article stimulatingly demonstrates how people can transform their native environments with life experiences gained abroad, and it is a valuable contribution to the intangible cultural heritage of the island. Appropriately, JSC 43 also introduces a book written by Janine Teerling, which is about the experiences of Britain-born Cypriots whose parents had migrated from Cyprus. Here, Netice Yıldız comprehensively introduces and reviews this book that is based on an ethnographic study. JCS 43 is prepared for publication with the invaluable efforts of these devoted persons. The tremendous effort, everlasting patience, and scholarly the austerity of the authors and referees make this journal thrive and well-regarded in the international arena. At this point, I would like to thank all the authors, referees, and the book reviewer for their generosity, tolerance, and dignity. And, I hope you enjoy reading the articles in JCS 43, as much as we enjoy sharing the current issues from Cyprus and the Eastern Mediterranean Region. We truly hope that readers who have benefited intellectually or in their cultural awareness from JCS 43 will continue their connections with the Journal for Cyprus Studies more than ever.
Prof. Dr. Hıfsiye Pulhan
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 18 No. 42 (2014)
It is my immense pleasure to present 42nd issue to the readers of the Journal of Cyprus Studies-JCS, which is one of the major international interdisciplinary resources for the professional and scholars in Cyprus Studies. Reporting internationally both research findings and the facts about Cyprus, JCS carries out a special mission since 1995 and provides a link between past and future of the island. Without a doubt, JCS attempts to influence and be nourished from the geographic region where Cyprus locates at the center. The present issue in your hands is consisted of five illuminating articles from different fields of interest ranging from history, economy, psychology, and architecture to politics. Moreover, readers of the JCS 42 cherish the book reviews of the two invaluable highly dedicated persons. From their own perspectives, Hakkı Atun and Ali Fikret Atun individually have their comments and introduce the book written by Andreas Constandinos about the Cyprus Crisis. The reviewed book particularly deals with and emphasis onto the roles of British and American Governments in the Cyprus Crisis in 1974. In this issue, it is a privilege for JCS to host those distinguished scholars and their different points of views about the topic after exactly 40 years. Within this general framework of JCS 42, the first article in this issue is about the first bank established by the Turkish Cypriot community in 1901. Authors, Ali Efdal Özkul and Yurdagül Akcansoy, shed lights onto the history of Turkish Bank as one of the most prominent institutions having strong impacts on the development of Turkish Cypriot Community. In the second article, issues corresponding with the economic life in Cyprus are pursued. Mustafa Besim in his article deals with recent economic situation in North Cyprus. He focuses on current Turkish Cypriot taxation system and suggests a tax policy reform. In the third article, Fatih Bayraktar, Lenka Dedkova and Hana Machackova examine the associations among independent self-contrual, femininity-masculinity and cyberbullying/cybervictimization among 393 university students from various national and cultural bacgrounds and enrolled in three North Cyprus universities. The authors hypothesize that independent self-construal would mediate and moderate the association between femininity-masculinity and cyberbullying/ cybervictimization. The fourth article in this issue takes us again back to the past times of Cyprus. Cemaliye Eken and Gökhan Varol remind us roles of olive oil mills in Cyprus. In the article, significances of olive and olivie oil mills in the Cypriot agrarian way of life are disscussed and current situation of the historical olive oil mills in rural regions of North Cyprus are recorded. Authors urge cautions in conserving and re-using of olive oil mills as industrial heritage. Coming to the end of the JCS 42, in the fifth article, Turgay Bülent Göktürk very vividly presents the reflections of 1963 Events in Cyprus to the parliament, Grand National Assembly of Turkey. He points out how the Grand National Assembly and the Senate of the Turkish Republic handled the issue. Respectively, views of the Turkish Government and other parties are revealed in the article by basing on records in the archives of the Parliament and Senate of the Republic in Turkey. In Spring 2014, JCS 42 has welcomed researchers contributing to the Cyprus Studies. I would like to thank them for collaborating and putting in their extra efforts and time to the process of editing this issue. We are indebted to them for maintaining academic standards and quality of the journal. I am so much thankful also to Ali Fikret Atun for his contribution to the book review section. We are privileged to have him to donate his time for JCS. Beyond the limits of appreciation, I would like to express my sincere gratitude to Hakkı Atun for his invaluable contributions to JCS. We are fortunate to have his continuous support with an absolute courtesy in every occasion of JCS. We always appreciate his unfailing attention and support!
Prof. Dr. Hıfsiye Pulhan
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 17 No. 41 (2013)
I am delighted to address the readers of the Journal of Cyprus Studies –JCS, which deserves special complements for its 41st issue. In this issue of JCS, a rich assortment of articles has scholarly contributed to the field of knowledge and to the cultural context of the island.
JCS Issue 41 contains four articles from different fields of interests, which are respectively economy, political sciences, architecture and urban history, as well as a book review of a recent publication. JCS readers in this issue also have the privilege of being informed about an American missionary who was one of the first American citizens settled in Cyprus in 1834. Dr. Rita C. Severis, the author and annotator of the book entitled with “The Diaries of Lorenzo Warriner Pease 1834-1839: An American Missionary in Cyprus and his travels in the Holy Land, Asia Minor and Greece” kindly accepted our offer to publish her lecture delivered at the Eastern Mediterranean University, on 7 May, 2013. At the first glance, two of the articles in this issue deal with present circumstances and the recent implementations in Northern Cyprus while the two others are more focusing on historical richness and cultural values of the islan and their current status. Respectively, the first article written by Salih T. Katırcıoğlu scrutinizes the relationships between international tourism and energy consumption and he points out the international tourism in Northern Cyprus as catalyst for energy growth in the long-term period. The second article is about e-government system, which is one of the current issues being dealt with in Northern Cyprus. Deniz İşçioğlu addresses challenges and problems encountered by Northern Cyprus in e-government applications and she draws attention to the e-democracy, e-transparency and e-participation concepts, which can only be possible with the proper use of information and telecommunication technologies. Third article is the concise yet a vivid overview of the 2300 years of Famagusta town. Okan Dağlı depicts enduring history of the town and ultimately stresses the celebration of 2300th age as an opportunity to promote the historic town internationally. In the fourth article, Famagusta town is again the main focus to be explored from the point of architecture. Rafooneh Mokhtarshahi Sani emphasis the concept of place identity, sense of belonging and their continuity in the design of contemporary built environments and then she takes the attention of the reader to the walled town Famagusta still maintaining its traditional architecture and reflecting cultural as well as architectural identity.
She explores architectural identity in the town by referring to 10 identifiable traits that are still valid in the traditional environments of Cyprus. In the last part of this issue, Beser Oktay Vehbi reviews a book written by Nurbanu Tosun Soyel. The book, which is written in Turkish and entitled with “Kuzey Kıbrıs’taki Tarihi Su Değirmenleri Ve Kırsal Peyzajın Parçası Olarak Korunmaları İçin Öneriler” investigates watermills in Norhtern Cyprus. In 2013 autumn, JCS implies a stance bridging between past and present times of the island. I would like to thank authors of the articles and the book reviewer mentioned above as well as our referees for their meaningful contributions and constructive comments respectively. I owe special thanks to Dr. Rita C. Severis for taking part in the journal and also sharing the visual materials with us. With the works of these generous, kind and creative minds, the Journal of Cyprus Studies is enriched and ready to be presented to its readers. Their invaluable contributions anticipated to benefit the intellectual atmosphere of Cyprus, will always be appreciated!
Prof. Dr. Hıfsiye Pulhan
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 17 No. 40 (2013)
As the new editor, I am delighted to address the readers of the Journal of Cyprus Studies -JCS which is one of the prominent academic journals publishing papers solely relevant to Cyprus studies since 1995. After a short pause, JCS has again started to be regularly published with a renewed content and image for a competitive status in its field. In the renewed vision of the JCS, the subject matter, Cyprus is considered as an inseparable entity of Mediterranean Medina and it is not limited only with geographic and temporal boundaries of the
island. In a broader context, Mediterranean studies which aim cross-cultural, comparative or this sort of interrelating approaches asserting particular associations with Cyprus are also welcomed. At the same time, content of the journal is aimed to be enriched with papers from different fields and not merely limited to the political sciences mainly with a target to contribute to the peace process of the island and other topics to enlighten the island’s culture. Apart from, JCS has now a new image, a new look. With the renewed format, JCS aims to capture the attention of readers by providing an eye-pleasing legible page layout and size. It distinguishes itself with an enduring elegance in design, typography, photography and illustrations as well as scholarly articles and book reviews. This issue contains three articles from different fields of interests together with a book review on a very recent publication. One of the articles by Bülent Temel explains reasons of enduring dispute on Northern Cyprus and proposes measures to increase the prospects of resolution in the future. In the article, game theoretic models are utilized for further discussions about the public opinion polls on the Greek and Turkish sides of the island prior to the two referendums on the Annan Plan in 2004. The second article by Peter Clarke is about Nevvar Hickmet who became the first Cypriot to qualify as a member of the prestigious Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales in 1936. By
basing on original documents, he vividly explained his lifetime success as a journey in place and time, from Nicosia to London during 87 years. Peter Clarke introduces Nevvar Hickmet as one of the successful graduates and business man in the United Kingdom also became a role model and example for other Cypriots immigrated to London in those years. In the third article by Nazım Kaşot, findings about the biology of a specific turtle species (Mauremys rivulata) disappearing due to rapid urbanization in Cyprus are presented. The article introduces the characteristics of these turtles and their natural living environments in Cyprus with a particular emphasis onto the Asi River. In the last part of JCS which is reserved for reviews on the noteworthy publications, the book which is entitled with “Kıbrıs Türk Basın Tarihi” is introduced by Prof. Dr. Süleyman Irvan. In 2013 winter, JCS reaches to its 40th issue. We consider this issue very significantly as
the latest component of the chain created by those editorial boards worked for a well-regarded JCS on the international scientific arena since 1995. At this point, I would like to thank to all those members of the boards contributing to the endurance of JCS. We are indebted to them. I would also take this opportunity also to express my thanks to Prof. Dr. Naciye Doratlı, Director of EMU Cyprus Study Center, Prof. Dr. Necdet Osam, Chair of the Eastern Mediterranean University Press Board and Prof. Dr. Abdullah Öztoprak, Rector of EMU for all their supports for us in regaining and maintaining this invaluable treasury. JCS, as a significant endeavor of Eastern Mediterranean University, has been recorded various thoughts and ideas for decades and continued this mission as an outstanding academic channel of communication through the past, present
and future of the island of Cyprus.
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 16 No. 39 (2010)
As the Editor of this issue, it is my pleasure to address the readers of JCS, which is one of the few academic journals, less than the fingers of a hand, that publishes papers solely relevant to Cyprus studies since 1995. As one of the members of the editorial board in the first five years of its publication life, and working as guest editor for the publication of this current issue as well as on the executive board of the Centre for Cyprus Studies, I would express my regrets that due to the recent publication and promotion criteria of the Turkish universities, we have little chance to attract high quality studies pertinent to Cyprus topics. However, it is my duty to thank to all those who selected JCS for their valued studies. The editorial team of the journal, with the aim to publish high quality studies, has selected four articles out of nearly a dozen of articles submitted by researchers for this issue through a refereed process. I would like to acknowledge the efforts of our anonymous referees for their serious works to assess and also to give valuable recommendations for the improvements of the papers. As the new team involved in the Centre for Cyprus Studies, it is one of our aims to increase publications significant to environmental issues and architectural heritage of Cyprus alongside the papers in political sciences mainly with a target to contribute to the peace process of the island and other topics to enlighten the island’s culture. In this issue, one of the articles by Aytanga Dener is presenting an interesting workshop case performed with a group of colleagues and
graduate students in the neglected areas of north Lefkoşa (Nicosia), which are mainly located close to the borderline, dividing the historic city into two, where mainly low income immigrants are currently living.
Parallel to the survey which revealed several alterations in the living areas due to the creativeness of the residents with their intuition to create some attachments with limited budgets so as to create better living
conditions, a similar project is performed with humoresque creative ideas by the researchers who took part in the survey and workshop. Ege Uluca Tümer’s article presents an architectural history survey about the improvements and alterations executed in Gazimağusa (Famagusta) historic walled city during the British period. The article of Ali Efdal Öztürk, a historian, is a study to signify the important part of Cyprus in the international trade in the Mediterranean area during the 18th century Ottoman Rule based on research in Sheri Sicils (the Court Registers) of Lekoşa (Nicosia) which bear the most trusted information regarding the socio-economic history of the island. Muzaffer Ercan Yılmaz, in his article entitled as “Analyzing and Resolving the Cyprus Conflict” is presenting a summary of the efforts for the possible solution of the Cyprus problem so as to bring peace through the diplomatic talks while he makes further indications which could be realized as crucial steps that would ensure the continuity of peace. The last part of JCS which is reserved for reviews on noteworthy publications is introducing two detailed works. One of these entitled as “A Constructive Review with Criticisms Derived from the Cypriot Case about the Lijphart’s Politics of Accommodation”, is a contribution by a young talented scholar, Direnç Kanol. The second review is about a historical source, Journal of Cyprian Studies, authored by myself. I believe that this is one of the academic journals born successfully in 1889 although due to unknown reasons, it could not have the chance to survive after the first issue. Journal of Cyprian Studies, which we could relate as an elder deceased sibling to our journal is one of the first attempts to publish a scientific journal merely on Cyprus topics by a group of European origin resident scholars in Cyprus at a time when most of the local people were still struggling with illiteracy and low economic life conditions. It was during the early 1990s that I had discovered an issue of this rarely known work in the British Library and since then, it had become one of the idols to guide me in my studies on Cyprus themes that also urged me to write the first draft proposal for the project to launch a centre for Cyprus Studies at EMU as well as initiating the publication of a similar periodical. As JCS reaches to its 39th issue, it is our hope to contribute to the Cyprus studies so as it could gain a well-regarded position on the international scientific arena with scholarly articles and reviews as it did since 1995. I would also take this opportunity to express my heart-felt thanks to Prof. Dr. Abdullah Öztoprak, the Rector of EMU, Prof. Dr. Naciye Doratlı, the Chair of the Centre for Cyprus Studies, Prof. Dr. Necdet Osam, the Chair of Emupress, and to Nihal Sakarya, our dedicated secretary, as well as to the staff of the Eastern Mediterranean University Printing House. I also acknowledge the kind corroborations and assistance of my colleagues Prof. Dr. Şebnem Önal Hoşkara, Prof. Dr. Adnan İnce, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Erol Kaymak and Assist. Prof. Dr. Süheyla Erbilen to the realisation of this issue.
(Member of the Executive Committee of CCS)
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 16 No. 38 (2010)
This issue emerged as an idea from a conversation with Assoc. Prof. Dr. Soyalp Tamçelik on the new negotiation process, a unified Cyprus and possible new constitutions. As a matter of fact he has agreed on putting together an issue around these topics. The aim is to open renewed discussion on citizenship, rights and constitution, whether this is Unitarian or Federal. In doing this our authors offered their perspective by looking at the Cyprus ‘Issue’ form different angles through its various phases. During this period of resumed negotiations we believe that such discussions are important, especially with the first talks taking place between the Greek Cypriot leader Demetris Christofias and recently-elected Turkish Cypriot leader Derviş Eroğlu. Thus, special thanks go to our guest editor Soyalp Tamçelik as well as to the authors for their valuable
contributions. Finally, since this is the last issue I am the chief editor, I would like to express hereby my gratitude to everyone at the Centre of Cyprus Studies, our colleagues at the EMU Press - Printing House, but especially my friends in the editorial board of the Journal who helped make the editing of issues a success in the past couple of years. Last but not least, I would like to thank all our contributors. Thank you all for your
understanding, the support shown and the help given.
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 15 No. 37 (2009)
First I would like to thank all the contributors for their great endeavours to open up some rather less or even none studied aspects of the history of Cyprus. We believe that such articles shed light on the highly neglected cultural diversity and sophistication of this Island. I am glad to continue to publish articles on monuments of
Cyprus which have been neglected for years and thus hope to attract some more attention to the cultural heritage of Cyprus in the north. Also, we have papers on Cypriots and by-passers who have contributed to the cultural/intellectual life and diversity of the island such as Niyazi Berkes, Jewish people on their way to their homelands, and the history of Maronites. Last, but not least, we offer an interesting article on the history of communication/postal activities during a very difficult era of the islands, 1958-74. I would like to thank everyone who has contributed to the publishing of this issue.
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 15 No. 36 (2009)
This archival issue is a continuation of our issue number 34 which was prepared by our guest editors Emre Aykoç, Sanem Yamak and Suat Söylemez. Our current issue is the third section of the series of documents from the Republican Period Prime Ministry Archives that covers the years between 1960-7. Similar to the previous issue these are a compilation of documents including reports of communications and newsletters, letters and telegrams from foreign and domestic state officials as well as ordinary citizens and civil society organizations from both Turkey and Cyprus, reacting to issues relating to Cyprus. We believe that this second volume is as valuable as primary documents regarding the period of the island as the first one and would like to thank Aykoç, Yamak and Söylemez again for their contribution as well as everyone else who has helped this issue to be published.
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 14 No. 35 (2008)
The divided status of Cyprus has been evidently exerting impact beyond the borders of the island for some time now. Over the decades of stalemate, it has grown into a major force affecting not only the wellbeing of the Turkish and Greek Cypriots, but Turkish foreign policy, the EU’s civic capabilities, Turkey-EU relations, European Mediterranean Policy and the future of transatlantic security as well. This issue of the Journal of Cyprus Studies seeks to display how influential the Cyprus question still is in the current course of international affairs. In this respect, the articles of this volume are not concerned directly with the past and present attempts at solving the Cyprus problem, but they rather dwell on the resonances of failed attempts to reconcile the two Cypriot communities in other contexts. As the reader will see, our main focus rests on the decisive role that the Cyprus problem plays in Turkey’s EU candidature in particular, and the EU’s enlargement, neighbourhood, Mediterranean, security, and defence policies in general. In this rather implicit way, we hope to lay emphasis on the fact that the EU’s performance in its dealings with Cyprus has been underwhelming and that the non-solution of the Cyprus problem damages not only the credibility of the EU’s normative action-tools such as conditionality and Europeanization but equally its actor capacity in its periphery and beyond.
The first article is the product of a comprehensive research and first-hand results of a survey conducted by the authors, S. Barış Gülmez and M. Didem Buhari-Gülmez. With a particular concentration on the impact of the EU’s conditionality on Turkish foreign policy vis-à-vis the Cyprus problem, this article magnifies the link between the Euro-scepticism among Turkish political elite and the EU’s Cyprus policy. Our second article, written by Petek Karatekelioğlu and Volkan İpek, examines the phases that Turkish foreign policy has gone through with regard to the Cyprus question under the influence of Turkey’s EU candidacy. In doing that, it grounds its arguments mainly in the official documents of the EU and, accordingly, adopts the discourse-analysis method of inquiry. In the third article, the author has ventured to highlight the challenge that the Cyprus problem poses to the EU’s self-perception as a normative power. In its foreign-policy actions, the EU experiences serious difficulties in terms of creating outcomes desirable for all parties involved, and such a deficit generates doubts about the normativeness of the EU’s position in the face of current global affairs. Finally, the article by Emel G. Oktay and Yiğit Uçak elaborates on the EU’s neighbourhood, security, and Mediterranean policies and puts forward the necessity of solving the Cyprus problem as a necessary condition for the development of these policy areas. The Union for Mediterranean, the most recent initiative of the French presidency of the European Council, is also treated within this context.
In addition to articles, this issue comprises a discussion paper and a book review, whose contents are highly relevant to our general theme. Sinan Ülgen’s discussion paper is a quest for the implications of EU-NATO relations on the future of the transatlantic security community. One of the impediments in front of the full
reconciliation between the EU and NATO is undoubtedly Turkey’s veto on the adhesion of Cyprus to NATO, which seems to be the only leverage left in Turkey’s hand to better negotiate a substantial solution on the island. Ülgen draws attention to this crucial point, which has been, in fact, insufficiently stressed in the discussions of Cyprus. In closing this issue, the book review by Nur Köprülü introduces us to a “good read”; Mesut Özcan’s Harmonizing Foreign Policy: Turkey, the EU, and the Middle East, published by Ashgate. Harmonizing Foreign Policy offers insight into the recent political phenomenon of Europeanization and treats it within the context of the Middle East. A probe of Turkish foreign-policy actions towards the Cyprus question alongside the dynamics of the Middle East provides the reader with a fresh view. I would like to thank my colleagues in the Journal of Cyprus Studies, especially Özlem Çaykent, for their invitation to compile this issue in co-operation with them. I have taken this opportunity to assess the Cyprus question from the current perspective of the foreign-policy dynamics of Turkey and the EU. I would also like to thank all the authors, whose generous contributions have made this issue possible, the Centre of Cyprus Studies, and the staff of the Eastern Mediterranean University Printing House.
C. Akça Ataç
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 14 No. 34 (2008)
This archival issue was prepared by our guest editors Emre Aykoç, Sanem Yamak and Suat Söylemez. The issue is entirely devoted to documents from the Republic of Turkey Prime Ministry Archives dating from 1923 to 1967. It consists of a compilation of documents including reports of communications and newsletters, letters and telegrams from foreign and domestic state officials as well as ordinary citizens and civil society organizations from both Turkey and Cyprus, reacting to Cyprus issues. The documents are categorized chronologically into three periods of which we are publishing the first two, namely 1923-51 and 1952-60 due to practical reasons. The third section, 1960-67, will be published in our next archive issue. We
have also provided scanned images of some of the earlier documents, where they were available in Ottoman script only, without transcriptions. These documents relating to the modern history of Cyprus will be invaluable for those who work on social, political and economic aspects of the history of the island. Together with JCS’s two previous archive issues, the documents collected in the current issue could shed more light on the rise of nationalism on the island, in so far as they provide insight into immediate and contemporaneous reactions to various periods of the ‘Cyprus problem’. A short introduction by our editors provides information on the content, intent and importance of the documents. The editors have also provided us with
scanned images of some documents to give an idea about their original format and layout. As in our previous archive issues, for the sake of accuracy and future scholarship, the text has been carefully edited in order to remain as faithful as is practically possible both to the documents’ language and original layout. At the end of the two sections an index has been provided to give the reader some of the keywords, names and concepts to be found in these documents. We are grateful to Aykoç, Yamak and Söylemez. We would also like to acknowledge our debt to Nihal Sakarya, and to the staff of the Eastern Mediterranean University printing house.
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 13 No. 33 (2007)
In this issue of the Journal we have again many valuable articles. Two are on the
history of the island: one on the power of women during the Lusignan period, and
another on the projects of opening a Maltese colony on the island, which gives us
further clues to the island’s complex past. These are followed by questions on
representations of history and politics by tourist guides and another theoretical/critical
article on the state of Humanities on the island. In our notes section we have an article
which reminds us of three churches that have been recently been released from a
military zone within the walls of the old town of Famagusta in which they have been
enclosed for more then 30 years. Furthermore, as usual we have reviews of some of
the latest books on Cyprus and a women studies literature/activity review that will be
of great value to the field of study.
I would like to gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Michael Walsh, Kevin
McGinley and Özge Ejder who spared their valuable time to read some of the
articles. Thanks are also going, as usual, to the Centre of Cyprus Studies and the staff
of the Eastern Mediterranean University Printing House. Finally, my friends in the
editorial board and I would like to express our greatest debt to, and sorrow for the loss
of, our dear friend and colleague William W. Kimbrel who passed away 9 November.
Indeed, he was not only an invaluable and perceptive member of our team but also a
very dear friend. With the significant assistance and contributions of his friends in it,
we would like to dedicate this issue to him.
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 13 No. 32 (2007)
This archival issue is entirely devoted to the text Terrorism in Cyprus, which has been
out of print since being first published in 1956 by the Secretary of State for the
Colonies. Terrorism in Cyprus is a compilation of documents that includes extracts
from Grivas' Diary, the correspondence between Grivas and the EOKA organization,
and the explanatory notes of the Colonial Office on these exposed
documents. Doubtless, it is an important document from the modern history of
Cyprus and surely needs to be read carefully. A short introduction by Jan Asmussen
provides information on the content, intent and importance of the document. As these
are "selected" extracts—and when seen necessary even commented on in italics in the
text—they are partial but nonetheless shed light on the colonial policies of the British
and, to a certain extent, reveal Grivas' mind and the dealings of the EOKA during a
particularly stressful period. The translator of the documents is unknown. The text has
been carefully edited in order to remain as faithful as is practically possible both to its
first layout and to the language of the document. One major difference is that the
photos are not included in this edition due to problems of their quality of resolution.
For the sake of accuracy and future scholarship mistakes in place-names and personalnames
appear as they did in the original document. We gratefully acknowledge the
assistance of Jan Asmussen who contributed valuable time and expert knowledge to
this project. As usual, we would also like to thank the Center of Cyprus Studies and
the staff of the Eastern Mediterranean University Printing House.
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 12 No. 31 (2006)
This issue of the JCS has been made possible by the assistance of individuals whom
we would like to acknowledge here. We would like to begin by thanking the
contributing authors, and our referees for being generous with their time. We are also
grateful to the members of our editorial board; to Nihal Sakarya, who has been
unfailing in her help throughout all stages of preparing this issue; to Ersev Sarper for
supervising the final formatting and printing; and to the staff of the Eastern
Mediterranean University Printinghouse. Finally, we would like to express our
gratitude to Ayhan Bilsel and Ülker V. Osam, for supporting the JCS and overseeing
the production process of this issue.
Mehmet M. Erginel
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 12 No. 30 (2006)
Our current issue consists of archival material and supporting information. First, we
are making available a document that has been out of print for some time:
Disturbances in Cyprus in October, 1931, with an introduction by Jan Asmussen. We
believe this document will be highly valuable for those who work on various aspects
of the history of Cyprus, including the construction of national identities, political
sociability, and the history of clubs and societies. Second, we are providing
information on the National Archive at Girne: we are publishing a report on the
Archive’s current status and its plan for the future. This issue also includes the index
of a set of documents that can be found in the National Archive, namely the Annual
Reports on Cyprus, prepared by the British administration of the island during the
We are grateful to the individuals without whose contributions and assistance this
issue of the JCS would not have been possible. We would like to thank, first, Gökhan
Şengör, the head of the National Archive at Girne, who wrote a report on the Archive
and provided the index of the Annual Reports. We would also like to acknowledge
our debt to the members of our editorial board, especially Jan Asmussen for his
support and valuable advice, and to Nihal Sakarya, Ersev Sarper and the staff of the
Eastern Mediterranean University Printinghouse. Last but not least, we are thankful
to Ayhan Bilsel and Ülker V. Osam for their patience and support.
Mehmet M. Erginel
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 11 No. 28/29 (2005)
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 10 No. 26/27 (2004)
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 8 No. 22/25 (2002)
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 7 No. 20/21 (2001)
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 6 No. 18/19 (2000)
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 5 No. 14/15 (1999)
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 4 No. 4 (1998)
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 4 No. 3 (1998)
Journal of Cyprus StudiesVol. 4 No. 2 (1998)